EMN Synthesis Report
This Synthesis Report summaries the main findings of the National Reports for the EMN Study on Programmes and Strategies in the EU Member States fostering Assisted Return to and Reintegration in Third Countries undertaken by EMN National Contact Points from 22 Member States (Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom). The purpose of this study was to map the different forms of Assisted Return that are in place in the EU Member States, thereby facilitating a comparative analysis and providing a basis to support any further policy development at national and EU level that might be undertaken. It does this by outlining inter alia the various approaches of Assisted Return programmes of the Member States in order to identify lessons learned, best practices and possible synergies to further develop and improve Assist
Lorenzo Coslovi and Flavia Piperno co-ordinated by Ferruccio Pastore
Exaggerated by the media, exploited for electoral ends, used as an indicator of the efficacy and validity of migration policies implemented by the government in power, forced repatriation seems to have assumed a central place in present-day national and European migration policies. After a period of history in which forced repatriation appeared, except at certain times, to be a marginal issue in European migration policies, today it appears to involve an increasing and numerically significant number of migrants, and one can suppose that over the next few years some countries undergoing strong migratory pressure will implement a large flow of “forced returns”. Return to the home country for the expelled migrant, in itself a traumatic experience even if it has already been planned, represents the involuntary interruption of his or her migratory journ;
Return Re integration UNHCR

This evaluation is one of a series being carried out by UNHCR’s Policy Development and Evaluation Service (PDES), focusing on the organization’s role in the return and reintegration of refugees and other displaced people. These evaluations are being used to test and refine UNHCR’s reintegration policy; to improve the effectiveness and enhance the impact of UNHCR’s reintegration programmes; and to deepen UNHCR’s understanding of the reintegration process.

Return Re integration UNHCR Afganistan

Altai Consulting was mandated by ILO and UNHCR to conduct research on the situation of Afghan returnees in order to assess the main patterns of integration in the Afghan labor market and the responses provided in 3 major cities of Afghanistan. This study is an integral part of the overall ILO-UNHCR “Cooperation Toward Comprehensive Solutions for Afghan Displacement” project launched in May 2004. It will complement other ongoing work implemented by the ILO in Afghanistan to support sustainable employment opportunities and reconstruction of the infrastructure in this country.

Return Re integration Human Rights

The chapter focuses on the human rights situation of returning refugees (returnees) and internally displaced persons (IDPs) — it thus concerns the human rights of persons who are displaced from their homes, but who are within their own country. After highlighting the particular relevance of international human rights standards to the protection of these categories of people, the chapter also seeks to identify ways in which UN human rights field operations can respond to their needs. It thus addresses the human rights protection needs of returnees and other displaced persons within their own country and while outside of any formal camp situation. The chapter looks in particular at protection needs during displacement or settlement in a non-camp situation, and during the process of returning home. The protection of the human rights of persons living in camps — be they refugees, returnees or IDPs — raises a series of specific concerns which are addressed in Chapter X: “Monitoring and Protecting the Human Rights of Refugees and/or Internally Displaced Persons Living in Camps”.

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